Research

Research at the Global CO2 Initiative supports the development of captured carbon product technologies — both technological and biological — from early stage R&D through the stages of demonstration and early commercial deployment.

The Global CO2 Initiative is cultivating existing and potential industry and research partners to further collaborate and expand R&D and deployment opportunities for carbon dioxide removal and utilization technologies.

Innovative Solutions


closeup images of black and white hedgehog particles.Economical utilization of captured CO2 becomes possible when it is electrochemically converted into nanoscale products that can be used as fuel, ultrastrong materials, and high performance plastics.

However, electrochemical CO2 reduction is inefficient due to low solubility of gaseous CO2 in any solvents. Using supercritical CO2 (sCO2 a fluid form of CO2 above supercritical temperature and pressure) as the electrochemical medium is gaining significant traction. Learn more about supercritical CO2 electrolysis using hedgehog particles.

Toolkit & Roadmap

The Techno-Economic Analysis and Life Cycle Analysis Toolkit (TEA/LCA) is a critical toolkit for the nascent CO2 removal and utilization management industry to accurately assess the economics and CO2 removal potential of a product.

The Global Roadmap for Implementing CO2 utilization presents a roadmap for the commercialization potential of carbon dioxide utilization through 2030.

The Company and Deal Index was created by CO2 Value Europe, the Circular Carbon Network, the Global CO2 Initiative, XPrize, Carbon180, and the New York Community Trust to help the market understand the emerging solution landscape and facilitate collaboration.

Research Projects

Discover the innovations we are working on. Learn about our research projects.

Published Papers

Our published papers are open to the public, available via the University of Michigan Library Deep Blue repository, in PDF format. View our list of published papers.


Zetian MiDr. Zetian Mi is a Professor at the University of Michigan’s Department of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science in the College of Engineering.

His group is focused on the investigation of semiconductor nanostructures and their application in electronic, photonic, and solar energy devices and systems. Learn more about Dr. Mi.

International Research Collaborators


Climate KIC
CO2 Value Europe
IASS Potsdam
RWTH Aaachen University
Technische Universitat Berlin
The University of Sheffield
XPrize