Research

Research at the Global CO2 Initiative supports the development of captured carbon product technologies — both technological and biological — from early stage R&D through the stages of demonstration and early commercial deployment.

The Global CO2 Initiative is cultivating existing and potential industry and research partners to further collaborate and expand R&D and deployment opportunities for carbon dioxide removal and utilization technologies.

Innovative Solutions


collage of natural fibers for compositesNatural fibers outperform glass and carbon fibers in CO2 balance. For example, bamboo captures 77 kg CO2/clump/year. However, mechanical properties such as strength and stiffness need to be enhanced to allow replacing glass and carbon fibers.

Our breakthrough idea will lead to reinforcing natural fibers by incorporating nanoparticles (e.g., carbon nanotubes, metal clusters, graphene) in plants as they are growing. Read more about Stronger Natural Fibers for Composites.

Toolkit & Roadmap

The Techno-Economic Analysis and Life Cycle Analysis Toolkit (TEA/LCA) is a critical toolkit for the nascent CO2 removal and utilization management industry to accurately assess the economics and CO2 removal potential of a product.

The Global Roadmap for Implementing CO2 utilization presents a roadmap for the commercialization potential of carbon dioxide utilization through 2030.

The Company and Deal Index was created by CO2 Value Europe, the Circular Carbon Network, the Global CO2 Initiative, XPrize, Carbon180, and the New York Community Trust to help the market understand the emerging solution landscape and facilitate collaboration.

Research Projects

Discover the innovations we are working on. Learn about our research projects.

Published Papers

Our published papers are open to the public, available via the University of Michigan Library Deep Blue repository, in PDF format. View our list of published papers.


Dr. Ortwin RennProfessor Ortwin Renn serves as Scientific Director at the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS) in Potsdam (Germany).

Dr. Renn also serves as a faculty member at the Global CO2 Initiative at the University of Michigan. His research investigates the role of energy technologies and policies that help in reducing climate impact. Learn about Dr. Renn.

International Research Collaborators


Climate KIC
CO2 Value Europe
IASS Potsdam
RWTH Aaachen University
Technische Universitat Berlin
The University of Sheffield
XPrize