Carbon-negative, dollar-positive

The Global CO2 Initiative at the University of Michigan aims to identify and pursue commercially sustainable approaches that reduce atmospheric CO2 levels by 4 gigatons/year. We fund and conduct research to transform CO2 into commercially successful products using technology assessment, technology development and commercialization.

The Initiative will identify and assist with economics understanding and policy levers needed to speed progress of carbon-based product deployment, while gauging public perception of and interest in these products.

As global CO2 emissions continue to accelerate, a diverse set of solutions is critical to reduce, reverse and remove carbon dioxide emissions to prevent further atmospheric warming. Paired with the deployment of renewable energy and energy efficiency products, decarbonization technologies and methods can help achieve global climate goals in this century.

Why Carbon Removal and Utilization?

carbon cycle explained in terms of natural processes, the problem, and carbon removal.

CO2 Products and Utilization

From concrete to plastics, there is a tremendous opportunity for captured and utilized carbon dioxide to play in reducing emission footprints as well as creating market opportunity for critical sectors around the world.

Construction Materials

  • Cement and concrete
  • Asphalt
  • Aggregate
  • Timber/super hardwood

Industrial Fluids

  • Enhanced oil recovery
  • Enhanced coal bed methane recovery
  • Enhanced water recovery
  • Semiconductor fabrication
  • Power cycles


  • Synthetic (methanol, butanol, natural gas, syngas, etc.)
  • Micro-algae fuel
  • Macro-algae fuel


  • Polyurethene foams
  • Polycarbonate (glass replacement)
  • Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene
  • Many more


  • Preservatives (formic acid)
  • Medicinal
  • Antifreeze (ethylene glycol)
  • Carbon black
  • Many more

New Materials

  • Carbon fiber
  • Carbon nanotubes and fullerenes
  • Graphene

Agriculture & Food

  • Algae-based food or animal feed
  • Microbial fertilizer
  • Biochar, bio-pesticides, and bio-cosmetics